Earlier this year I visited Jedburgh, and the house Mary Queen of Scots is believed to have stayed in during a visit to Jedburgh in October 1566. The house is now a museum, dedicated to Mary.
I attach photos of what is now called Mary Queen of Scots House, and of the ruins of Jedburgh abbey. Jedburgh Abbey was burnt down by Henry VIII’s forces in 1523, and when partially rebuilt destroyed again in 1544 and 1545 during the “rough wooing”. The rough wooing was an attempt by Henry VIII to terrorise the Scots into agreeing to their infant queen Mary being married to Henry’s son Edward when she was of age (often in the 16th century 12 years old would be considered to be old enough for the bride).
Mary visited Jedburgh just 6 months after she had given birth to the future James VI/I, to preside over the 16th century equivalent of a circuit court. During her visit she learned that James Hepburn, the Earl of Bothwell, had been hurt. Mary had been romantically linked with Bothwell. He had been involved in a skirmish with border reivers, and the injured Bothwell was taken to Hermitage Castle (see photo). When she heard of Bothwell’s injury, Mary made the 25 mile journey to Hermitage with a small party to see him.
After two hours with Bothwell, Mary rode back to Jedburgh. Perhaps she had pressing business in Jedburgh, or considered it inappropriate to spend the night in the castle. Having cycled between Jedburgh and Hermitage, I can confirm that this would have been a difficult and exposed journey across high and bleak moorland. On her return journey, although Mary was an expert horsewoman, her horse threw her. When back in Jedburgh she was ill with a fever that nearly killed her. During her long imprisonment in England, Mary is reported to have said that she wished she had died in Jedburgh.
Mary Queen of Scots House is near the centre of Jedburgh and has excellent displays on the tragic queen’s life.
To learn more about the fascinating history of the Borders area, “Exploring History in the Scottish Borders” is available from Amazon.